Characteristics. Burdock root is used both for tea and in cooking. I have a couple that are now growing but the plant is not so intimidating any more. I have used the common terms for the parts of plants throughout this article, but for those interested, here are the accurate botanical terms for the plant parts associated with burdock. Asteraceae. Common Names: Great Burdock, Gobo, Burr burr, Lappa, Bardana, Thorny burr, Begger's buttons, Bardane, Snake's rhubarb, Niu bang zi Species Used: A. lappa, similar species are A. minus, A. tomentosum Family: Compositae/Asteraceae; Habitat: Arctium is an introduced European plant that grows along roadsides, pastures and in abandoned lots. Liriomyza arctii is poorly known, but was described on Arctium in North America, and presumably uses native hosts as well. Distribution and Habitat: Burdock is native to Europe and Asia and has now spread worldwide in temperate zones. Another source derives the word lappa from the Celtic llap, a hand, on account of its prehensile properties. Greater burdock grows up to 1-2 m bearing large, heart-shaped, dull green leaves with fine hairs. Asteraceae Arctium minus Bernh. After 3yrs there roots just died and I could pull them straight out the ground. Scientific name: Arctium lappa. Arctium lappa and Arctium minus. Arctium lappa is the main species used, though this species has similar properties. Plant. Arctium minus, commonly known as lesser burdock, little burdock, louse-bur, common burdock, button-bur, cuckoo-button, or wild rhubarb, is a biennial plant.This plant is native to Europe, but has become introduced elsewhere such as Australia, North and South America, and other places.. Lesser Burrdock Iroquois - Drug, Antirheumatic (External) Use documented by: Rousseau, Jacques, 1945, Le Folklore Botanique De L'ile Aux Coudres, Contributions de l'Institut botanique l'Universite de Montreal 55:75-111, page 100 View all documented uses for Arctium minus … BURDOCK ROOT - Burdock root (Arctium lappa L.) is native to Europe and North Asia but can be found in many areas across the globe. Ithaca, NY. Arctium minus, Arctium lappa, Arctium tomentosum are few of the popular varieties of Burdock which is used medically and as vegetable. My garden use to be overrun with burdock. Botanical Description. Lesser Burdock produces purple flowers in its second year of growth, from July to October. Medicinal Uses Burdock is one of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine. Family. One was over a foot. Burdock is a biennial herb sized 100–300 cm tall from Asteraceae family found growing in cool climate. I just kept pulling all the leaves off when ever they grew and threw them in the compost. Two related species, A. minus and A. tomentosum are also sometimes used for medicinal purposes. November 24, 2017 Botany Notes. Burdock comparison. Parts Used: Primarily … The flowers are globe-shaped and thistle-like, becoming bur-like seed heads. (1980) Metzneria is the only Arctium specialist established in North America. The name of the genus, Arctium, is derived from the Greek arktos, a bear, in allusion to the roughness of the burs, lappa, the specific name, being derived from a word meaning 'to seize.' Arctium minus on the left and A. lappa on the right. Common Names: Burdock, greater burdock, great thistle, beggar’s button’s, Grosse Klette (German), niu bang zi (Chinese), gobo (Japanese), woowong (Korean). The other herbivores we observed all use other hosts as well as Arctium. Study Sites The roots are very fibrous, and when cut becomes soft and stringy. their larvae consume the seeds. 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