Give it a weekly going over with a rubber curry brush or hound mitt to remove dead hair and distribute skin oils. But, how well does a Canaan Dog reacts to socialization and training in obedience? The average male stands from 20 to 24 inches high, and the female is not much less at 19 to 23 inches tall. The bushy, moderate tail is pointed and is often carried curled upon the straight and strong back. The Black Norwegian Elkhound or Norsk Elghund Sort is a Spitz type hunting dog originating from, as its name suggests,... We use cookies to ensure that we give you a better browsing experience on our website. Numbers in the show ring remain small. Canaan Dogs are intelligent, yet docile. If you want a medium-size dog with an easy-care coat, the Canaan is one to consider. After all, the base for this breed were ancient pariah dogs, who have already proven themselves as reliable herders, guardians, and watchdogs. The spread of the human population into areas that were formerly isolated, along with their pet dogs, has resulted in the loss of the natural habitat of the Canaan. [1][page needed] It can be found in Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, the Sinai peninsula, and these or dogs very similar are found in Egypt, Iraq, and Syria. The slightly angled, almond-shaped eyes occur in different shades of brown. The cost to buy a Canaan Dog varies greatly and depends on many factors such as the breeders' location, reputation, litter size, lineage of the puppy, breed popularity (supply and demand), training, socialization efforts, breed lines and much more. The Canaan Dog is not an escape artist and won’t stray far away from an owner’s property, but nonetheless he will get out to mark his territory and deal with every dog intruder that comes near. Take note that even this method, unfortunately, won’t work with those small rodent pets. [8], The Canaan Dog is a "wild type" dog in appearance. [6], Collection of wild Canaan dogs has become very difficult. Main Canaan Dog characteristics are high intelligence, resourcefulness, agility, strength, endurance, loyalty, boldness, stubbornness, independence, alertness, and adaptability. Usually, they are aloof and suspicious towards strangers. On September 7, 1965, Menzel sent four dogs to Ursula Berkowitz of Oxnard, California, the first Canaan dogs in the United States. The usual color patterns of a Canaan Dog are white with colored patches (black, red, brown, tan, and sandy, which can vary in shades) or vice versa. The coat can vary in length and density depending on the type of climate where the dog is living. The Canaan Dog is an ancient breed resembling the wild dog type which has survived in Israel through at least 4000 years of history. The chest is moderately deep and narrow. The coat is straight and harsh, and comes in various colors and patterns. These duties served as a testament to their efficiency. In addition, a controlled collection of dogs of the original type was continued, primarily from the Bedouin of the Negev. The best way to deal with this naughty side of Kalef K’naani temperament is to raise your dog together with other pets as well as other dogs. The Canaan dog's square, balanced, medium-sized body moves with athletic grace. Remember, it will be an endless struggle for dominance between you and your Canaan. In the 1930s, Menzel was asked by the Haganah to build up a service dog organization. Nutrition. The Canaan Dog was actually developed as a service and military dog, but it turned out he is a lot more than that. Canaan Dog Size And Weight. They are strongly defensive but not aggressive. The black and white masks are also quite common. Dr. Rudolphina Menzel (1891–1973) used these intelligent scavenger-dogs mainly found in the desert as guard dogs. Also, they can be a solid color of any of mentioned colors. Coat colors can include black, brown, sandy, red or liver, as well as white with mask or white with patches of color. I’m sure some of you reading this are already thinking, where to buy one? Lessons should be short and harsh treatment should be avoided in any case! In writing the first official standard for the Canaan Dog, Menzel wrote: "Special importance must be placed on the points that differentiate the Canaan-dog from the German Shepard [sic] dog, whose highly bred form he sometimes resembles: the Canaan-dog is square, the loin region short, the forequarters highly erect, the hindquarters less angular, the neck as noble as possible, the tail curled over the back when excited, the trot is short (see also differences in head and color)". It took her about six months to capture her first dog, Dugma, and within a few weeks she was able to take him into town and on buses. About 12-15 years. This breed dates all the way back to biblical times in Israel, originating in the Land of Canaan. When it comes to children, this dog is usually good, playful and tolerant, especially, if they were raised together. [9], Canaan dogs can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, showmanship, flyball, tracking, and herding events. Substance - Moderate. That’s why this breed cannot be included in the group of excellent guard dogs, although it might seem otherwise. Canaans exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in herding trials. The usual sports disciplines in which Canaans compete are agility and obedience trials, but they can as well compete in tracking, flyball, showmanship, conformation, and herding trials. [11][page needed], The Canaan dog was first recognized by the Israel Kennel Club in 1953 and by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) in 1966. Although athletic and agile, this is not an over-the-top active dog, but nonetheless he demands a regular daily exercise that will challenge him mentally and physically. Apparently, the Canaan Dog is rather a mixed bag in this case. – Height between 18 and 22 inches (46-56 cm) So, yeah, the Canaan Dog is indeed a very, very old breed. Canaan Dog Size. The breed gets its name from the region of Canaan, which today encompasses Israel and Palestine, and started off as a free-roaming feral breed. Canaan Dog’s origin, price, personality, life span, health, grooming, shedding, hypoallergenic, weight, size & more Canaan Dog information & dog breed facts. The Canaan Dog developed in the Middle East centuries ago as a herder and flock guardian. Height at the withers: Males 50 - 60 cm, Females 40 - 50 cmAverage weight: Males 18 - 25 kg, Females 18 - 25 kgThe Canaan Dog has a very \"Dingo-like\" look about them and there's quite a distinct difference between males and their female counterparts. [3], Excavations in Israel unearthed the Ashkelon dog cemetery, the largest known animal cemetery in the ancient world, containing 700 dog skeletons all of which were anatomically similar to the Canaan dog of modern times. Historical evidence suggests that ancient Arabs used Canaan like dogs for guarding their camps and for herding cattle. So, make sure you teach your dog how to control this annoying habit. So, as you can see, the Canaan Dog is indeed an versatile worker and helper, who can be of great use if treated skillfully. Many of the Canaan dogs living in the open were destroyed by the Israeli government in the fight against rabies. The Canaans are quite wary, territorial, and protective of their human families. In some light-colored dogs, the pigment of the nose may fade somewhat during the winter months. The Basics of Canaan Dog Grooming. Some Canaan Dogs also do therapy dog and search-and-rescue work. There is evidence to suggest the breed developed centuries ago in Canaan, the land of the Israelites. He has a double coat, but little brushing is required to keep it in good condition. And average live body weight of the mature dogs is between 18 and 25 kg. The Canaan Dog is very intelligent, strong, athletic, responsive, resourceful, and eager to please, although it can be very stubborn at times. It is medium in size, with a truncated wedge-shaped head, pricked ears, and a shaggy tail with a distinctive curve over its back when alert. This herding dog is a descendant from semiwild pariah dogs that have been found in the region now known as Israel since biblical times. Caring for Canaan Dog Tips. Proportion - Square when measured from the point of the shoulder to the ischium and from the point of the withers to the ground. She began a breeding program in 1934, providing working dogs for the military and she gave pups to be pets and home guard dogs. This makes things a lot harder than they actually seem considering its intelligence. Male Canaan Dogs can range in height from 20 to 24 pounds and weigh 45 to 55 pounds. While their fur isn’t long, they shed heavily. [citation needed], The first Canaan Dog was brought to the UK from Lebanon in 1965, before they were a recognized breed. The dogs came from a kennel in Delaware. On one hand, he is very intelligent and capable to easily understand and remember even the most complex commands. Color ranges from black to cream and all shades of brown and red between, usually with small white markings, or all white with colour patches. They regularly live well into their teenage years. The Canaani strain has been living for centuries in the desert environment with hot days and cold nights, which means that these dogs can equally well adapt to cold and hot weather conditions. He has a double coat, but little brushing is required to keep it in good condition. This means that he will gladly chase, attack or even kill small animals, including cats, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, etc. The Canaan Dog or Kelef K’naani (Dog of Canaan) is a Primitive type working dog originating from Middle East, Israel. The Canaan Dog, also known as the Bedouin Sheepdog and Palestinian Pariah Dog,[2] is a breed of pariah dog originating from the Middle East. Disqualifications--Dogs less than 20 inches or more than 25 inches. The Basics. So, you can clearly see that this dog demands a dominant and experienced owner, who can recognize certain signs in the dog’s behavior. Dogs of this breed were originally developed to be herders and guardians of livestock in the deserts of the Middle East--and this history makes these dogs tend to be independent, suspicious, and at … Canaan Dogs have evolved through hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of years of hardship. That’s why they are known as excellent watchdogs and relatively good guard dogs. The ideal Canaan Dog lies in the middle of the stated ranges. Primitive Dogs » Primitive Types » Canaan Dog Breed Info And Characteristics. You should inspect and clean his ears and eyes, at least, twice a month. The Canadian Canaan Club was formed in 1972, and the first executive of the Club was elected on March 15, 1973. This way he can get used to them and establish an affinity with them. Although she was able to train several dogs, she found that the breed was too independent and too small for general guide dog use, although some of her dogs were used successfully by children. She and her husband Rudolph were appointed for this task by the Haganah (Jewish paramilitary organization) with the goal to create a super efficient service and working dogs. About 4 to 6 puppies. As such, he will periodically put to test your position as a pack leader. Kelef K’naani is a pack-oriented dog. Bitches less than 18 inches or more than 23 inches. The hind legs are well-defined, muscular and very powerful. The cemetery dates back to the time of occupation by the Persian Empire and archaeologists hypothesize that the dogs were revered as sacred animals.[2]. Canaans belong to the Spitz family and have the characteristic appearance of most primitive dog breeds. The Canaan Dog Club of America was formed the same year, and stud book records were kept from these first reports. If you want a medium-size dog with an easy-care coat, the Canaan is one to consider. The Kelef K’naani is a larger medium-sized dog of square shape – the height at the shoulders is equal to its length. Always devoted, they are willing to please their owners. The Basics of Canaan Dog Grooming. Kelef K’naani not only kept these traits during its redomestication, but expanded upon them. History and Background. Menzel found the dogs highly adaptable, trainable, and easy to domesticate. In May 1992 the inaugural meeting of the Canaan Dog Club of the United Kingdom took place. The dogs began competing in conformation on August 12, 1997. The neck is thick and slightly arched. [citation needed]. The national breed of Israel, the Canaan Dog has its roots in the Pariah Dog of the Middle East, and which was gradually domesticated from 1935 when selective breeding programmes were developed to stabilise type. Also, you must know that this dog won’t always happily respond to learned commands, especially, if he doesn’t see any purpose in it or if he feels you’re not a true pack leader. In 1934, Dr. Rudolf and Prof. Rudolphina Menzel immigrated to Israel, then known as Palestine. By the FCI, it belongs to the Primitive Types group (Basenji, Pharaoh Hound, Mexican Hairless Dog) in the class of primitive dogs. – Weight between 40 and 55 pounds (18-25 kg) Temperament: This breed is usually good with other pets and dogs, but may be aloof toward strangers. However, a veterinarian may recommend hip exams for the dog. Spotting of all kinds is permitted, as well as white or black masks.[9]. Grooming. Since then, they have been used as guide dogs for the blind, search and rescue dogs, livestock guarding and herding dogs, watchdogs, and tracking dogs. However, he might be quite unpredictable with the children outside his pack (family), which is why it’s necessary that you supervise them while playing. In January 1993, the breed was accepted in the Working Group, as the Canadian Kennel Club did not have a Herding group at that time. Average body height of the mature Canaan dogs is between 20 and 24 inches at the withers for males and between 18 and 20 inches for the females. Females are slightly smaller, at 19 to 23 inches and 35 to 45 pounds. In June 1989, the Canaan dog entered the American Kennel Club (AKC) Miscellaneous Class. As a breed that lived independent of humans for roughly 1,800 years, it’s not surprising that this breed is quite hardy. The Canaan Dog has a harsh, double coat that protects him from extreme temperatures and does not require much grooming. He moves at a quick and light trot, which allows him to change directions rapidly in a blink of an eye. The Canaan Dog has a complete set of good-size, evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors or level bite. This super sensitive response to all changes in his environment is the reason Canaan Dog can be sometimes indecisive as to who is actually the real treat. This is a working dog in the first place, used for herding, watching, guarding, tracking, but can be as well an wonderful family companion. The Canaan dog’s head is wedge-shaped with an elongated appearance, featuring almond shaped, slightly slanted dark eyes in shades of hazel. When training your Canaan Dog definitely prepare some tasty treats and stay focused. Even when you’ve done with the training, you will have to correct his behavior from time to time. After her death in 1973, Shaar Hagai Kennels, managed by Dvora Ben Shaul and Myrna Shiboleth, continued the breeding program according to her instructions. Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Howell Book of Dogs: The Definitive Reference to 300 Breeds and Varieties, "In Israel, a battle to save the ancient Canaan dog", "Facing eviction, Canaan dog breeder turns to public to recruit relocation funds", "Report on the Canaan Dog by Israel Nature Reserves and National Parks Authority", "CDCA: The Canaan Dog Club of America, Inc", "British Canaan Dog Society – Canaan Dogs in the UK", "The Canaan Dog Home Page, ICDCA, updated monthly", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canaan_Dog&oldid=996643491, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2018, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 21:05. 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But will only fully submit to his primary owner to motivate for dog... Wrote above, that you have such pets, I think it is believed that this breed is quite.. The Kennel Club ( AKC ) Miscellaneous Class of the oldest known of... Throughout the world 's Kennel clubs and is often carried curled upon the straight harsh... To socialization and training in obedience dogs and pets the withers to the family!