If you decide you’re done with Linux, you can easily get rid of the scary boot screen and get your internal storage space back. The official way of installing Linux in your Chromebook is called Crostini, enabling Linux OS to run in a separate app on your Chrome OS desktop. There are some Chromebooks with awesome hardware out there, like the beautiful Chromebook Pixel, but they don't quite hit their full potential with Chrome OS. Use Google Duo to Make Free Video Calls on the Web, How to Install Ubuntu Linux on Your Chromebook with Crouton, How to See How Much RAM Is in Your Chromebook, How to Create a Gantt Chart in Microsoft PowerPoint, How to Hide or Remove System Preference Panes on Mac, © 2020 LifeSavvy Media. Ubuntu extends the functionality of the chromebook, making the chromebook viable for developers, hackers, techies, and the common user. This will download the Ubuntu 16.04 packages with the default Unity desktop environment. Here is a direct download for the latest release of Crouton–click on it from your Chromebook to get it. sudo apt-get dist-upgrade. Type shell  into the terminal and press Enter to enter Linux shell mode. Placing your device into Developer Mode will wipe all data and user information from it. All that traditional Linux software is just an apt-get away in Ubuntu’s software repositories. Press Enter to do so. Should I install Ubuntu on my Chromebook? Before you do any sort of hacking, you’ll need to enable “Developer Mode” on your Chromebook. You can also encrypt your chroot with a passphrase by adding -e to the end of the installation command before excuting it. Crouton will run Ubuntu on top of Chrome OS. Installing Ubuntu on a Chromebook gives you more choice and lets you turn a web-centric machine into any other laptop: you can install an IDE to write code, you can install Steam to play games, and of course, it gives you the freedom of the command-line and the wealth of the Ubuntu archive at your finger tips. Older Chromebooks have physical developer switches that you’ll need to toggle instead. Finally, don’t forget to perform an update on all the packages once your are inside of Ubuntu: sudo apt-get update. RELATED: How to Use Apt-Get to Install Programs in Ubuntu from the Command Line. This process took about 15 minutes on our system. The advantage with this method is that you can switch back and forth between Chrome OS and Ubuntu with a few clicks. How do I enable legacy boot on my Chromebook? You will then be brought into a bare-bones Ubuntu setup. You’ll then need to run the sudo startxfce4 command above to enter the chroot again. You can restart your Chromebook and choose between Chrome OS and Ubuntu at boot time. The main reasons to choose Crouton are its simplicity, and it can run … Alternative Installation Options Enter command: sudo delete-chroot * Enter command: sudo rm -rf /usr/local/bin. We will use a third-party script called crouton to install Ubuntu using a chroot, giving Ubuntu its own “pretend” root directory system on your machine. Do not follow the onscreen instructions to turn OS verification on, or you risk wiping your machine’s data and turning Developer Mode off. ChrUbuntu can be installed on your Chromebook’s internal storage or on a USB device or SD card. Again, replace trusty with the Ubuntu distribution that you choose. If you have anything to do on your Chromebook, you can continue with it as you can install Linux on Chromebook and continue with everything else you’re doing. GNOME fans can also try -t gnome instead. You can get back to Ubuntu in future sessions by typing sudo startunity into your bash shell. Update: This process has changed and you now need to move the Crouton installer to /usr/local/bin before running it. And if I had chosen Windows, I’d be off to the races with Microsoft’s software from here on out. In most cases, things will "just work", but for some applications, you will see a default penguin icon instead of the one associated with your application. If you want a more lightweight system, you can install LXDE or XFCE by replacing -t unity with -t lxde or -t xfce. Power on the Chromebook and press Ctrl + L to get to the BIOS screen. You can even easily share files between Chrome OS and your Linux system. Update: Google has added native support for Linux apps directly to Chrome OS, and this feature is available on many Chromebooks. Developer Mode allows you to disable all these security features, giving you a laptop you can tweak and play with to your heart’s content. Your device will now transition to Developer Mode. The underlying architecture from chrome os is strongly based on linux and Ubuntu. You can replace “KDE” with Xfce, Unity and KDE touch, Xfce touch, and Unity touch for … Fill them on the screen as you go and you will have Ubuntu installed on your Chromebook. Third, install your Ubuntu/Gallium, or a dual boot using chrx. Crouton also uses Chrome OS’s standard drivers for your Chromebook’s hardware, so you shouldn’t run into issues with your touchpad or other hardware. It works like a traditional dual-boot system. Once you have Crouton downloaded, press Ctrl+Alt+T in Chrome OS to open the crosh terminal. Today we’ll be installing Ubuntu on your Chromebook, while preserving your original ChromeOS system. If you’ve installed xfce, the command will be sudo startxfce4. Just reboot your Chromebook normally to get back to the warning screen at boot-up. To enable developer mode on modern Chromebooks, hold down the Esc and Refresh keys and tap the Power button to enter recovery mode. When you transition to developer mode, your Chromebook’s local data will be erased (just like when you unlock a Nexus Android device). How to Change the Screen Saver on the Chromecast with Google TV, Quickly Resize Multiple Images on Windows 10. This is the most perfect guide on How to install Ubuntu on a Chromebook. It works like a traditional dual-boot system. You can restart your Chromebook and choose between Chrome OS and Ubuntu at boot time. Just use the Downloads directory in your home folder. Consult Crouton’s README for more information. Enabling developer mode may vary depending on the Chromebook model you're using. We will use a third-party script called crouton to install Ubuntu using a chroot, giving Ubuntu its own “pretend” root directory system on your machine. crouton is not part of the Ubuntu project It’s worth noting that Unity won’t run as smoothly on most Chromebooks’ limited hardware. A few things to remember after using this method to install Ubuntu on a Chromebook: With developer mode on, you will see “OS verification is off” screen at each boot. Use of crouton is at your own risk. Here’s how to install Ubuntu on Chromebook. To get rid of Ubuntu (installed using crouton) from Chromebook, do the following: Use Ctrl+Alt+T for terminal. You now have a traditional Linux desktop running alongside Chrome OS. Any Chromebook is capable of installing Ubuntu, however I recommend using a model that is equipped with an Intel processor. Installing Ubuntu on your Chromebook with Crouton requires switching the Chromebook to developer mode. See the end of the post . Enter command: cd /usr/local/chroots. You’ll need to choose a project developed specially for Chromebooks. In my case, it took more than 20 minutes. This installs Crouton with the Xfce desktop and an encrypted chroot for security. Install Ubuntu on Chromebook with Crouton In order to install Ubuntu on a Chromebook, you will first have to download Crouton. This command only works if Developer Mode is enabled. This will boot the Chromebook into Recovery mode (which you'll also need to use to reload Chrome OS if you replace the hard drive—Google's instructions for creating Chrome OS recovery media are here). Repartitioning your drive Most Chromebooks come with a … If it was in developer mode, it’s possible that software running in the background could be recording your keystrokes and monitoring your usage. By default, Chromebooks don’t allow us to use chroots out-of-the-box. Our first step toward getting ChrUbuntu on the C7 is to put it in developer mode. Crouton was actually created by Google employee Dave Schneider. All Rights Reserved. Before Getting Started If you’re not a previous Steam user, you’ll need to register an account. First, you have to enable developer mode on your chromebook (and remove all data on your disk). It takes advantage the Linux system underlying Chrome OS to run both environments at once and is a much slicker experience than traditional dual-booting. For example, if you were using someone else’s Chromebook, you could normally log in with your Google account without fear. At the end of the installation, you’ll be given the command to start Ubuntu. If you are installing it on a Chromebook with touchscreen then also add the ‘touch’ parameter: sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -t touch,kde Since the script will download Ubuntu from the Internet, depending on your broadband speed, it may take a … Have fun running Firefox on ChromeOS! Since we launched in 2006, our articles have been read more than 1 billion times. Press ESC when prompted and you will see 3 drives: the USB drive, the live Linux USB drive (I am using Ubuntu) and the eMMC (the Chromebooks internal drive). Since ChromeOS is an online-centric operating system, the vast majority of your data will be stored remotely, but make sure you’ve backed up everything important that’s local to your machine before you begin. sudo apt install firefox. Chromebooks have a special hardware feature that prevents you … The actual installation process will take some time as the appropriate software is downloaded and installed—it took about half an hour on our system—but the process is largely automatic. You’ll need to press Ctrl+D or wait 30 seconds to continue booting. Plug in your USB drive into the USB port of your Chromebook. Chromebooks are normally locked down for security, only booting properly signed operating systems, checking them for tampering, and preventing users and applications from modifying the underlying OS. Like playing games? — UPDATED 08/14/2016 — Workaround for Ubuntu 16.04 installation! Since 2011, Chris has written over 2,000 articles that have been read more than 500 million times---and that's just here at How-To Geek. Next it’s time to download Crouton. Every boot thereafter will also begin with that warning screen, and a need to press Ctrl-D to continue. Each Chromebook environment is able to install Ubuntu as the Chromium operating system also runs on a Linux distrobution. This will kick off the process of installing Ubuntu – or “ChrUbuntu”, as the project is dubbed – on your Chromebook. Pressing Ctrl-Alt-Shift-Back and Ctrl-Alt-Shift-Forward will rotate you between ChromeOS and Ubuntu. This will require that you type in the encryption password you’ve chosen each time you enter the chroot environment. Sponsored by NordVPN. When you disable Developer Mode, your Chromebook will clean everything up, restoring you to a clean, safe locked-down Chrome OS system and overwriting all the changes you’ve made to your Chromebook’s software. What You Will Need: A Chromebook © 2020 Canonical Ltd. Ubuntu and Canonical are Step one and two are really well documented on GalliumOS's wiki, you will find all your answers here. sudo apt install gnome-software ubuntu-software gets you the Software tool for access to a wide variety of useful applications. Updates to Chrome OS may also make Ubuntu installations inaccessible, as has happened in the past. Enter command: shell. This means that you could install Steam for Linux on a Chromebook Pixel and gain access to a whole other ecosystem of games. Logging out of Ubuntu will drop you back into the ChromeOS terminal tab that ran the system. If you’re a developer, install your IDE of choice and hack away! At the recovery screen, press Ctrl+D, agree to the prompt, and you’ll boot into developer mode. Remove the Write Protect Screw. The above article may contain affiliate links, which help support How-To Geek. You can run the following command to see a list of installation types, including installations without a graphical desktop: After going through the installation process, you can run either of the following commands to enter your Crouton session (assuming you installed Crouton with Xfce): To switch back and forth between Chrome OS and your Linux desktop environment, use the following keyboard shortcuts: If you want to exit the chroot, just log out (using the “log out” option) of the Xfce desktop (or the Unity desktop, if you’re using that)–don’t use the “shut down” command, as that will actually power the Chromebook down. When you boot up your Chromebook, it will begin with a warning screen noting that “OS verification is OFF”. Overview. Since this Linux app stays inside the container, which is Chrome OS, in this case, anything that goes awry in your Linux will not impinge on your Chrome OS. Press Ctrl+D at this screen. Really, practically anything you could run on a “real Ubuntu laptop” could be run here. Install Ubuntu 13.04 on Chromebook. Type “shell” in the command line and hit the Enter key. Depending on the specification of your device, the Unity desktop may be too demanding to work well for you. The above command will run the installer and Ubuntu will be installed. Have fun! That’s why Google makes it easy to tell if a Chromebook is in Developer Mode and doesn’t allow you to permanently disable this warning screen. Overview Duration: 2:00 Today we’ll be installing Ubuntu on your Chromebook, while preserving your original ChromeOS system. This is a multi-step process: first, turn your Chromebook off, and then press the power button while holding the Refresh (F3) and Esc keys simultaneously. ChrUbuntu can be installed on your Chromebook’s internal storage or on a USB device or SD card. This will take some time, so feel free to browse the web on ChromeOS, have a snack, or browse the web while having a snack. We will need to put our machine into Developer Mode to grant us this power. At this point, you can install web servers, development tools, and even GUI tools like Firefox, Thunderbird, and Visual Studio Code, and have then run side by side with Chromebook applications. To install the software center, enter: sudo apt-get install software-center. Press Ctrl+Alt+T to access terminal With the installation complete, you will be prompted to enter a username and a password. Chris has written for The New York Times, been interviewed as a technology expert on TV stations like Miami's NBC 6, and had his work covered by news outlets like the BBC. All files in the Downloads directory appear in the Files app on Chrome OS. Enjoy irony? To install Crouton the easy way, all you need to do is run the command below. After enabling Developer Mode, you’ll be able to access a Linux terminal from within Chrome OS and do whatever you like. You will need to press Ctrl-D to continue. Save the file to your download folder and then open the Chromebook’s terminal by pressing the Ctrl, ALT, and T keys together. Buy NordVPN’s 3-year deal at 70% off, get an extra plan on top! sudo apt install steam in a terminal gets you Valve’s Steam gaming client for Linux-based desktop gaming on your Chromebook. On ARM Chromebooks, you’re a bit limited in what you can do. If you’d rather install Ubuntu’s Unity desktop instead, use -t unity instead of -t xfce in the command above. The use of Developer Mode may void your Chromebook’s warranty. Join 350,000 subscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles. Once in this mode, press Ctrl-D. You will be prompted with an opportunity to “turn OS verification OFF”. Now we have a full bash shell at our fingertips. How-To Geek is where you turn when you want experts to explain technology. Crouton – an acronym for “Chromium OS Universal Chroot Environment ” – is a bundle of scripts that allow the easy installation of Linux systems such as Ubuntu, and Debian. This warning screen exists to alert you that a Chromebook is in developer mode and the normal security precautions don’t apply. This could include important data like any files you’ve downloaded, or locally cached passwords. Chris Hoffman is Editor in Chief of How-To Geek. By submitting your email, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In this article, we learn how to set up a Chromebook Pixel (samus) with Ubuntu natively, NOT using Crouton and some sort of chroot trick, transforming it into a mobile powerhouse. Ubuntu install we launched in 2006, our articles have been read more than 20 minutes us this...., however I recommend using a model that is equipped with an Intel.. 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